The overall objective of LIFE SIAMEC project is to promote the change of mainstream wastewater treatment concept from resource consuming processes into more sustainable treatment schemes which allow in turn increasing treated water quality and the implementation of water reuse practices across Europe. To this end, LIFE SIAMEC project will be focused on the demonstration of anaerobic treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater at ambient temperature in European climates, which still remains a great challenge, in order to obtain a less-energy consuming, less-biomass producing and less-footprint integrated technology for wastewater reclamation. Moreover, this technology will enable to overcome the main drawbacks associated with anaerobic wastewater treatment at low temperature, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and nitrogen removal, since the dissolved methane present in the effluent will be used as carbon source for denitrification in both, a membrane and a non-membrane based post-treatment.
The LIFE SIAMEC project will demonstrate the technical feasibility of applying basic and advanced reclamation processes to the effluents of both prototypes for agricultural, industrial, environmental and urban water reuse whilst reducing associated costs and environmental impacts in comparison to conventional wastewater treatment schemes currently applied.
The main specific objectives of LIFE SIAMEC project are:
- To contribute to the palliation of water scarcity problems in highly stressed EU areas by encouraging wastewater reclamation.
- To demonstrate the feasibility of anaerobic wastewater treatment, highly influenced by temperature, in the two main European climates (Mediterranean and Atlantic) by means of the proposed integrated technology, leading to the significant benefits previously stated compared with conventional aerobic treatments currently applied and overcoming the main associated drawbacks such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
- To demonstrate the feasibility, sustainability, robustness and versatility of this novel integrated technology for wastewater treatment and reclamation from both economic and environmental points of view, assessing its suitability for WWTPs upgrading.
- To disseminate the project results and transfer the knowledge gained, to identify potential end users and water scarcity areas in EU in which wastewaters could be reclaimed for certain reuse applications, especially for agricultural (irrigation) purposes.